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Cancer Free India


What is Cancer?

  • In simple terms, cancer is an abnormal growth of body cells. Each one of us is born with a potential for cancer. One cannot "Catch" it as one would an infection or a cold. When the programming of a cell or a group of cells is affected, growth may become uncontrolled. Some of the factors that can alter the code are chronic irritation, tobacco, smoke and dust, radioactive substances, age, sex, race and heredity. While one cannot control many of these factors , we need to be aware of the ones we can control of. Prevention is definitely better than treatment of cancer. No one yet talks of cure, treatment.
  • The body is made up of trillions of living cells. Normal cells grow, divide to make new cells, and die in an orderly way. Cancer starts when cells start to grow out of control and instead of dying, continue to grow and form new, abnormal cells.
  • Cells become cancer cells because of changes to their DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). In a normal cell, when DNA is damaged the cell either repairs the damage or dies. In cancer cells, the damaged DNA is not repaired and the cell goes on making new cells that the body does not need.

Type of Cancer

"We hope that this will lead to early detection which is important in the management and treatment of cancer
and also prevention by making necessary changes in lifestyle."

Childhood Cancer

  • Childhood is a time of wishes, desires, dreams of endless possibilities. But for children faced with cancer it is a battle for and with life..
  • hey face it with unflinching courage and an acceptance of their circumstances that humbles us.
  • Here are some facts about childhood cancer:
    • Every year 300,000 children all over the world get diagnosed with cancer.
    • Childhood Cancers constitute 3-4% of all cancers.
    • 70-90% of childhood cancer is curable because of better response to the treatment and protocols.
    • Unlike the cause of adult Cancers, the causes of most childhood cancers are as yet unknown.
    • In India, it is estimated that nearly 40-50,000 new childhood cancer cases present each year.
    • It is a Cankids estimate that not more than 20000 cases are being diagnosed. Of those that are diagnosed a large percentage come in fairly advanced stages of cancer.
    • Despite the high cure rates in developed countries, it is estimated that in India 70% children die of cancer due largely to lack of awareness, late detection and late diagnosis, inadequate facilities, the high cost of treatment and the absence of supportive care.

Breast Cancer

  • Breast Cancer is rapidly rising amongst women in urban areas and it is the most common cancer in India. Early detection is essential in its management and treatment. Due to ignorance, fear, and social stigma many women present with stage III or IV cancer which requires surgery and extensive treatment. If detected early, then in most cases there will be less aggressive treatment and better chances of recovery.
  • Women who have menstruated early, with late or no pregnancies, late menopause, which have not breast fed their babies, are particularly at risk. If there is a family history of cancer - your mother, sister, massi or naani - please treat it as an early warning sign. Learn and practice breast self-examination, and have mammograms as recommended by your gynecologist. Evaluate diet too, too much of fat in your diet is a certain culprit. Selenium found in the soft bones of the fish, as well as whole grain protect against breast cancer. Exercise on regular basis.
  • Screening: One in 25 women has a chance of getting breast cancer in India. Screening by mammography for women over 45 or post menopause, Clinical breast exam by a doctor and self breast exam are methods of early detection.

Oral and Lung cancers

  • Oral and Lung cancers are highest among men and women in the urban as well as rural population and these can also be prevented to a large extent. Therefore, making people aware of the dangers of chewing tobacco and smoking is of great importance.

  • They are the most common cancers in India. They include cancers of the mouth, tongue and oral cavity. This is definitely a life style induced cancer. Smoking, chewing of tobacco, and alcohol intake, coupled with inadequate Vitamin A and B complex are causes.

  • Screening: This is among the top cancers in India due to rampant use of chewing tobacco and smoking. High consumption of alcohol is also a risk factor. Doctors check for red or white patches in the mouth and for lumps in the mouth and throat. A regular dental check for sharp edges of teeth is also recommended.